Abstract

Research Article

Predictors of mortality in neonatal sepsis in a resource-limited setting

Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama*, Adonis Muganza Nyenga, Olivier Mukuku, André Kabamba Mutombo, Charles Wembonyama Mpoy and Oscar Numbi Luboya

Published: 16 June, 2021 | Volume 4 - Issue 1 | Pages: 057-061

Introduction: Sepsis remains a major cause of death in neonatal period. Although significant advances in diagnosis, therapeutic and prevention strategies have been noted, sepsis remains a common concern in clinical practice especially in low-resource countries. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of mortality in neonatal sepsis in Lubumbashi city (Democratic Republic of Congo).

Methods: The records of newborns with sepsis managed in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in two University Hospitals between November 2019 and October 2020 were studied. Binary and multiple logistic regressions have been used to observe the association between independent variables and dependent variable.

Results: A total of 162 cases of neonatal sepsis were reviewed. The mortality rate of neonatal sepsis was 21% of babies admitted. Very low birth weight (< 1500 grams) and primiparity were significantly associated with mortality in neonatal sepsis (AOR = 12.66; 95% CI 2.40 to 66.86; p = 0.003 and AOR = 3.35; 95% Cl 1.31 to 8.59; p = 0.012, respectively).

Conclusion: The mortality rate of neonatal sepsis was 21%. Very low birth weight and primiparity were significantly associated with mortality in neonatal sepsis.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.japch.1001034 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Neonatal sepsis; Risk factors; Mortality; Lubumbashi

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