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Child neglect - still a neglected problem in the global world: A review

Published on: 29th September, 2020

Child neglect is a global problem that involves large costs for both the individual and for society. This article is based on published reviews and meta-analyses in the field of child neglect between 1980 and 2018. Of a total of 433 articles, 13 was included, main Data bases has been PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Psych Info, ERIC, CINAHL. The prevalence in the normal population was found to be between 16% and 26%, while the prevalence in clinical groups seem to be significantly higher. For example, was the prevalence of neglect 50% among patients with eating disorder. It is especially important to know who is reporting neglect. Research shows that neglect is strongly associated with among other things, depression, one of the most common illnesses among the general public. The theoretical models that are used are ecological. Risk factors can be found at all levels when using ecological models. Research shows that factors involving the relationship parent-child are among the most important. Neglect is more common in low-income countries than in high income countries. Most studies point to the importance of prevention. Existing preventive programs are most often of family and parental character. More research is needed, especially as concerns the development of preventive programs that can identify specific types of neglect and present suitable preventive measures, both at the societal and family level. Key points 1. Neglect is a global problem. 2. Prevalence depends on the measurement method and can vary between about 16% and 76%. 3. Prevalence is higher when negligence is self-reported than when reported by professionals. 4. The most common and most serious risk factors are present in the microsystem. Parenting and interactions between child and parent are considered important. 5. There is a link between neglect and, above all, depression, but also anxiety, self-harm and eating disorders.
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