Short Communication

Atypical presentation of congenital pneumonia: Value of lung ultrasound

Virginie Meau-Petit* and Grenville F Fox

Published: 29 March, 2021 | Volume 4 - Issue 1 | Pages: 033-034

A term neonate was transferred from a Local Neonatal Unit to our surgical Neonatal Intensive Care Unit on Day 2 due to abdominal distension with radiological appearances suggestive of intestinal obstruction. He was born by Caesarean section with no risk factors for sepsis. He was intubated at birth for increased work of breathing and failed planned extubation on Day 1. 

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.japch.1001027 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF


Pneumonia; Ultrasound; Neonate; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction


  1. See KC, Ong V, Wong SH, Leanda R, Santos J, et al. Lung ultrasound training: curriculum implementation and learning trajectory among respiratory therapists. Intensive Care Med. 2016; 42: 63–71. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26474994/
  2. Brusa G, Savoia M, Vergine M, Bon A, Copetti R, et al. Neonatal Lung Sonography: Interobserver Agreement Between Physician Interpreters With Varying Levels of Experience. J Ultrasound Med. 2015; 34: 1549–1554. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26254148/
  3. Raimondi F, Yousef N, Migliaro F, Capasso L, De Luca D. Point-of-care lung ultrasound in neonatology: classification into descriptive and functional applications. Pediatr Res. 2018; 1-8. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30127522/
  4. Volpicelli G, Elbarbary M, Blaivas M, Lichtenstein DA, Mathis G, et al. International evidence-based recommendations for point-of-care lung ultrasound. Intensive Care Med. Springer-Verlag. 2012; 38: 577–591. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22392031/
  5. Pereda MA, Chavez MA, Hooper-Miele CC, Robert H Gilman 3, Mark C Steinhoff et al. Lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2015; 135: 714–722. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25780071/
  6. Tusor N, De Cunto A, Basma Y, Klein JL, Meau-Petit V. Ventilator-associated pneumonia in neonates: the role of point of care lung ultrasound. Eur J Pediatr. 2021;180: 137-146. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32592026/
  7. Goerens A, Lehnick D, Büttcher M, Daetwyler K, Fontana M, et al. Neonatal Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: A Quality Improvement Initiative Focusing on Antimicrobial Stewardship. Front Pediatr. 2018; 6: 262. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30320046/
  8. Peña-López Y, Pujol M, Campins M, Lagunes L, Balcells J, et al. Assessing prediction accuracy for outcomes of ventilator-associated events and infections in critically ill children: a prospective cohort study. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2018; 24: 732-737. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29031787/
  9. Escourrou G, De Luca D. Lung ultrasound decreased radiation exposure in preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. Acta Paediatr. 2016; 105 : 237-239. PubMed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26880491/


Figure 1

Figure 1

Figure 1

Figure 2

Similar Articles

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More