Abstract

Mini Review

Air pollution and respiratory health

Raj Kumar*

Published: 01 September, 2020 | Volume 3 - Issue 1 | Pages: 032-037

As per report of WHO [1] (World Health Organization), air pollution (ambient/outdoor and household/indoor air pollution) kills an estimated seven million people worldwide every year largely as a result of increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections. Data of WHO shows that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants. World Health Organization is working with countries to monitor air pollution and improve air quality. From smog hanging over cities to smoke inside the home, air pollution poses a major threat to health and climate. More than 80% of people living in urban areas and around 91% of the world’s population live in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits, with developing and under-developed countries suffering from the highest exposures, both indoors and outdoors [1]. While outdoor air pollution comes from the motor vehicles, burning of fossil fuels and other industrialization activities, indoor air pollution is the result of tobacco smoke and burning fuel for cooking & heating. Furniture and construction materials also emit such pollutants. Both outdoor and indoor air pollution are harmful to the human health.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.japch.1001015 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

References

  1. Air quality guidelines –Air Pollution, global update. 2018. https://www.who.int/airpollution/data/cities/en/
  2. Kumar R. Effect of air pollution on respiratory system of auto rickshaw Drivers in Delhi. Ind J Occ and Env Med. 1999; 3: 171-173.
  3. Kumar R. A study of respiratory symptoms and lung function of welders in Delhi. Ind J Occ and Env Medicine 2000; 4: 168 – 171.
  4. Gaur SN, Kumar R, Sinha R. Prevalence of bronchial asthma in petrol pump workers of Delhi. Indian J Occupat Environ Med. 2003; 7: 13-16.
  5. Kumar R. Air Pollution and Respiratory Diseases. NCCP Text Book of Respiratory Medicine (Page No. 752-755). Editor: D Behra, Published by Jaypee Brothers P. Ltd. 2011.
  6. Kumar R. Occupational asthma. Respiratory Diseases and air pollution disorders. IMA Publication 1997; 78-83.
  7. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Gaur SN. Indoor air pollutants and respiratory morbidity – A review. Indian J Aller Asthma Immunol. 2005; 19: 1-9.
  8. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Kumar H, Kushwah AS, Meena M, et al. Effect of indoor air pollution on Rhinitis in children living in industrial and residential areas of Delhi, India. KAACI-WAO Joint Congress 2006 & 9th WPAS. 2006.
  9. Nagar JK, Kumar R, Kulshrestha R, Kumar P, Singh A, et al. Exposure of indoor air pollution and asthma in children at Delhi, India. Souvenir of the 41st Annual Conference of The Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology (ICAAICON-2007) organized by VP Chest Institute, Delhi during. 2007; 9-12: 57.
  10. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Kumar H, Kushwah AS, Meena M, et al. Association of indoor and outdoor air pollutant level with respiratory problems among children in an industrial area of Delhi, India. Arch Environ Occupat Health. 2007; 62: 75-80.
  11. Nagar JK, Kumar R, Shrivastava JP. Chemico-mineralogical study on indoor suspended particulate matter in the industrial areas of Delhi and its relationship with the respiratory allergy in children. Souvenir of the 41st Annual Conference of The Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology (ICAAICON-2007) organized by VP Chest Institute, Delhi during. 2007; 53.
  12. Nagar JK, Shrivastava JP, Kumar R, Chandra U, Rathi B, et al. Urban Air Pollution: a global health problem – A review. Bull Env Sci 2007; 25: 201-223.
  13. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Meena M, Kushwah AS, Harsh Kumar. Impact of Domestic Suspended Particulate Matter on Respiratory Function of Children. BAQ 2004. 2004.
  14. Nagar JK, Kumar R, Shrivastava JP. Trace elements in indoor airborne particulate matter of Delhi and its effects on respiratory allergy among children. The 13th Joint National Conference of the Indian Chest Society (ICS) and the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) NAPCON - 2011” at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. 2011; 330.
  15. Nagar JK, Kumar R, Shrivastava JP. Compositional study of domestic airborne particulate matter in industrial locations of Delhi and its relationship with asthma in children. The 13th Joint National Conference of the Indian Chest Society (ICS) and the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) NAPCON - 2011” at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. 2011; 331.
  16. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Goel N, Kumar P, Kushwah A, et al. Indoor air pollution and asthma in children at Delhi, India. Ann Aller Asthma Immunol. 2013; 111: A37.
  17. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Goel N, Kumar P, Alka S. et al. Indoor air pollution and asthma in children at Delhi, India. Pneumonol Alergo Pol. 2015; 83; 275-282. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26166789/V
  18. Nagar JK, Shrivastava JP, Kumar R. Airborne suspended Particulate Matter & its impact on Human Respiratory System - Mineralogical study from Shahdara&Shahzadabagh industrial areas in Delhi (Page no. 489-509). Geo-Resources, Editor: JP Shrivastva, Published by Scientfic Publisher India, Jodhpur. 2014.
  19. Nagar JK, Akolkar AB, Kumar R. A review on airborne particulate matter and its sources, chemical composition and impact on human respiratory system. Int J Environ Sci. 2014; 5: 447-463.
  20. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar S, Rai G, Kumar M, et al. Effect of Indoor air pollution on health of children in biomass fuel-using households in rural area. Lung India. 2012; 29: 23.
  21. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar S, Rai G, Kumar M, et al. Effect of Indoor air pollution on health of children in biomass fuel-using households in rural area. The 13th Joint National Conference of the Indian Chest Society (ICS) and the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) NAPCON - 2011” at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. 2011; 283.
  22. Kumar R, Goel N, Gupta N, Singh K, Nagar S, et al. Indoor Air Pollution and Respiratory Illness in Children from Rural India. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2014; 56: 79-83. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25230548/
  23. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar S, Kumar M, Mehto UK, et al. Pollution levels at Cooking Place and their associaton with respiratory symptoms in women in a rural area of Delhi-NCR. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2015; 57: 225-231.
  24. Mahakud GC, Nagar JK, Tabassum, Kumar R. Tobacco Consumption and its Relation with Rhinits: A Preliminary Study. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007; 21: 106-107.
  25. Kumar R, Singh K, Kumar M, Balasubramanian V, Gaur SN. Association of Socioeconomic Status and Indoor Air Pollution Level on Respiratory Health of Children in Rural Area of Delhi-NCRatICAAICON-2015, 49th National Conference of Indian College of Allergy, Asthma and Applied Immunology at Saveetha Medical College, Chennai. 2016.
  26. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar JK, Kumar M, Mavi AK. Indoor air pollution and asthma in women of rural area of Delhi NCR. at 50th ICAAICON-2016, The GoldeenJubliee National Conference of the Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology held at VP Chest Institute, Delhi. 2016
  27. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Singh K, Soreng A, Nagar PK, et al. COPD in Non- Smoker Village Female Residents Exposed to Biomass Fuel. The GoldeenJubliee National Conference of the Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology held at VP Chest Institute, Delhi. 2016.
  28. Singh K, Nagar JK, Mavi AK, Kumar M, Kumar R. Prevalence of COPD in Adults and Associated risks Factors in Rural Regions of Delhi – NCR”. 20th Joint National Conference of the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) and Indian Chest Society (ICS) NAPCON – 2018 on 29th November to 2nd December, 2018 held at Gujarat University Convention & Exhibition Centre Ahmadabad. 2018; 144.
  29. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Singh K, Soreng A, Nagar PK, et al. Association of Biomass Fuel and Airway Obstruction in Children at Rural Village of National Capital Region of Delhi. The 18th Joint National Conference of the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) and Indian Chest Society (ICS) NAPCON - 2016” at Hotel Grand Hyatt, Mumbai. 2016; 184.
  30. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Kushwah AS, Raj N, Meena M, et al. Indoor air pollution and respiratory function of children in Ashok Vihar in Delhi; an exposure – response study. Asia Pacific J Public Health. 2008; 1: 36‑ https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19124297/
  31. Nagar JK, Kumar R, JP Shrivastava. Association of Heavy Metals Composition on Particulate Matter with Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Cooking Fuels in Indoor Air of Delhi. Int J Sci Nat. 2014; 5: 547-552.
  32. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Singh K, Soreng A, Nagar PK, et al. Prevalence of Asthma in Children at Rural Village of India and its Association with Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Biomass Fuel. The GoldeenJubliee National Conference of the Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology held at VP Chest Institute, Delhi.2016.
  33. Kumar R. Indoor air pollution from cooking fuel and lung health. Occupational and Environmental Health: A Pathological Analysis. 57-70.
  34. Kumar R, Singh K, Mavi A, Kumar D, Nagar S, et al. Passive smoking and Indoor air pollutants and its effects on respiratory system. International Conference on Life Science and Bioengineering (ICLSBE-2014) at Institute of Applied Medicines and research (IAMR) (Dept. of Life Sciences), Ghaziabad. 2014; 66.
  35. Kumar R, Gopal C. Mahakud, Nagar JK, SP Singh, et al. Breathe Carbon Monoxide level of non-smokers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2011; 53: 215-219.
  36. Kumar R, Prakash S, Kushwah AK, Vijayan VK. Breathe carbon monoxide concentration in cigarette and bidi smokers in India. Indian J Chest Dis All Sci. 2010; 52: 19-24. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20364610/
  37. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Kumar P, Kushwah AS, Meena M, et al. Impact of environmental tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution on respiratory allergy on children in Delhi. Respirology. 2008; 13: A117 S.
  38. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar JK, Kumar M, Mavi AK. Association of indoor air pollution with allergic respiratory disease in children of rural area of Delhi NCR. at 50th ICAAICON-2016, The Goldeen Jubliee National Conference of the Indian College of Allergy, Asthma & Applied Immunology held at VP Chest Institute, Delhi. 2016.
  39. Kumar R, Singh K, Nagar JK, Kumar M, Mavi AK, et al. Association of Indoor Air Pollution with Allergic Respiratory Diseases in Paediatric Population Residing in National Capital Region. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2019; 61: 181-197.
  40. Kumar R, Gupta N, Kumar D, Mavi AK, Kumar M. Monitoring of Indoor Particulate matter during burning of Mosquito Coil, Incense Sticks and Dhoop. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014: 28; 68-29.
  41. Kumar R, Kumar M, Robinson K, Shah P, Bisht I, et al. Atmospheric pollen count in North Delhi region. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015; 29: 32-39.
  42. Kumar R, Kumar D, Singh K, Mavi AK, Kumar M. Identification of airborne pollens in Delhi. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2018; 32: 28-33. ISSN 0972-6691.
  43. Kumar R, Singh M. Bird fancier’s lung: Clinical – radiological presentation in 15 cases. Pneumonol Alergo Pol. 2015; 83: 39-44.
  44. Kumar R, Kumar M, Bisht I, Singh K. Prevalence of aeroallergens in patients of bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis in India based on skin prick test sensitivity. India J Allergy asthma Immunol. 2018, 31: 45-55.
  45. Kumar R, Mavi AK, Singh K, Nagar JK, Kumar M. Follow-up study of patients with Asthma due to biomass fuel combustion in rural area of Delhi-NCR. The 19th Joint National Conference of the National College of Chest Physicians (NCCP) and Indian Chest Society (ICS) NAPCON - 2017” at Science City Kolkata.
  46. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Raj N, Kumar P, Kushwah AS, et al. Impact of domestic air pollution from cooking fuel on respiratory allergies in children in India. Asian Pacific J Allergy Appl Immunol. 2008; 26: 213-222. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19317340/
  47. Kumar R, Nagar JK, Kumar P, Kushwah AS, Meena M, et al. Impact of environmental tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution on respiratory allergy on children in Delhi. Respirology. 2008; 13: A117 S.
  48. Kumar R, Singh K, Kumar M, Balasubramanian V, Gaur SN. Association of Socioeconomic Status and Indoor Air Pollution Level on Respiratory Health of Children in Rural Area of Delhi-NCRatICAAICON-2015, 49th National Conference of Indian College of Allergy, Asthma and Applied Immunology at Saveetha Medical College, Chennai. 2016.
  49. Kumar R. Menace of Air Pollution in 21st Century. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2018; 60: 5-6.

Similar Articles

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More